Matchplay is an exciting form of archery developed by World Archery to create an appealing media and spectator friendly archery spectral.
Matchplay is the event that is used for most international competitions such as, World Target (Open and Youth), World Field and World Indoor Championships including Individual, Team and Mixed Team events.
Matchplay competition first commences with a Qualification or Ranking Round.
Outdoor Target Archery.
At World Championships and World Youth Championships for the qualification round recurve competitors currently shoot a FITA 144 arrow round.
During the qualification round athletes shoot 36 arrows at each of the following distances:
Men: 90, 70, 50 and 30 meters
Women: 70, 60, 50 and 30 meters
This equates to a total of 144 arrows and a possible score of 1440 points. This round is usually shot in one day.
At the 2 long distances (90m and 70m for men, 70m and 60m for women), each archer will shoot each end of 6 arrows (36 in total) on a 122cm face. At the short distances (50m and 30m), each archer will shoot also shoot 6 arrow ends but on an 80cm face (six ring) target face.
For World Cups, Olympic Games, and other tournaments the qualifying round is usually the 70m 720 Ranking Round, which is 72 arrows at 70m.
At all events the qualifying round for compound is 50/720 round, which is 72 arrows at 50m on an 80cm (6 zone scoring) target face.
Individual Elimination and Final rounds
From the individual event scores shot during the qualification round are ranked highest to lowest in each division. For World Target and Youth Championships the cut is 128 place but for other target events it may be 64 place or 32place. For Indoor it is always 32 place. If there are less than the required number of competitors for the cut archers may be initially issued with a Bye.
For the team event the total score of the three archers competing for a country are added together and the total score is used to ranked the team, the top 16 men and 16 women are selected to advance to the Matchplay Elimination rounds and untimely the finals. For Olympic Games only 12 men and 12 women teams are selected.
The same process is followed for the mixed team event with the top men and top women score from each country being added together and the top 8 mixed teams (one male and one female) are selected for the Mixed Team Matchplay Eliminations.
The competitors are ranked using a Pairing Chart which has the higher ranked archers initially matched against the lowest ranked, second highest against second lowest ranked and so on.
The pairing chart lists the progression through the tournament with the winners of each match progressing from match to match through the competition.
At all stages for the Matchplay (individual or team) recurve shoot at 70m on a 122cn target face (60m for Cadet) and for compound 50m on an 80cm 6 zone scoring target face.
During team competition all members of a team must be of the same gender, same bow division and from the same country. For recurve team event the target is 122cm at 70m. For compound team events the target face is 80cm (6 zone scoring) at 50m.
One match consists of 24 arrows: 4 ends of 6 arrows per end. Each team member shoots 2 arrows per end (2 arrows x 3 archers x 4 ends = 24 arrows). All 3 archers on a team will be required to finish shooting before the prescribed time limit (120 seconds).
The archers in a team may shoot in any sequence and but may shoot only 1 arrow each time they are on the shooting line during alternating competition.
Mixed Team Competition
During mixed team competition there is one male and one female team member using the same bow division and from the same country. For recurve team event the target is 122cm at 70m. For compound team events the target face is 80cm (6 zone scoring) at 50m.
One match consists of 16 arrows: 4 ends of 4 arrows per end. Each team member shoots 2 arrows per end (2 arrows x 2 archers x 4 ends = 16 arrows). Both archers in a team will be required to finish shooting before the prescribed time limit (80 seconds).
The archers in a team may shoot in any sequence and but may shoot only 1 arrow each time they are on the shooting line during alternating competition
How Matches are conducted?
For all events except for Olympic Games elimination matches are generally conducted “all together” that is to say all competitors shot at the same time. Generally the two-paired archers shoot on the same target and shoot together. They shot 3 arrows each and the timing is 120 seconds.
For Olympic Games each match is generally shot alternating shooting and each match is shot separate, having only two archers on the field at one time. The timing for alternate shooting is 20 seconds an arrow.
In most competition alternating shooting does not happen until the finals (semi finals and medal matches).
The eight winning archers will go on to the semifinals. Generally each athlete will shoot on have a separate target.
Finals matches are generally shot with the archers alternating each arrow. Each archer will have up to 20 seconds to shoot one arrow when alternating shooting.
The final rounds start with the semi-final competition. The losers of the semi-finals shoot for the bronze and the winners for the gold and silver medals.
How are matches scored?
Individual recurve matches are shot in 3 arrow sets and the match has a maximum of 5 sets. To score each set the 3 arrows are added together and the archer with the highest score wins that set and are awarded 2 points for the win. If the scores are tied the set is tied and each archer receives one point.
The first archer to six points wins the match.
So a match could be completed in 3 sets which is straight sets win or could go to 5 sets before there is a winner. If there is no clear winner after 5 sets or the scores are tied after 5 sets the match is tied. To break the tie a single arrow shoot off is used. For a single arrow shoot off each archer shoots one arrow and the archer with the highest score or if the same score closest to the middle wins the match.
Individual compound matches are shot in 3 arrow ends with a maximum of 5 ends.
Scorning is accumulative (scores for each end are added together) and the archer with the highest score after five ends wins the match.
If the scores are tied after five ends a single arrow shoot off is required to break the tie. For a single arrow shoot off each archer shoots one arrow and the archer with the highest score or if the same score closest to the middle wins the match.
Team matches are 4 x 6 arrow ends, 2 arrows from each archer per end. The team with the highest score after four ends wins the match.
If the scores are tied after four ends a shoot off is used. Each archer shots one arrow shoots one arrow and the team with an arrow closest to the middle wins the match.
Mixed team matches are 4 x 4 arrow ends, 2 arrows from each archer per end. The mixed team with the highest score after four ends wins the match.